When Dr. Owusu Afriyie Akoto, Minister-designate of the Ministry of Food and Agriculture, appeared before the Appointment Committee of Parliament on February 19, 2021, he made some claims about the government’s flagship planting food and jobs (PFJ) programme.
Specifically, the claims he made related to the food security, production of maize, and quantities of fertilizer supplied under the PFJ programme.
Fact-Check Ghana has verified some of the claims Dr. Akoto made at the vetting and presents the verdicts and explanations below.
Claim 1: “Before we came into office in 2017, the highest amount of production of maize in this country was 1.8 million metric tonnes. And I am talking about 2016, which was the last year before we took over.”
Verdict: Completely False
Explanation: In 2012, according to data from a World Bank document titled “Ghana: Agriculture Sector Policy Note – Transforming Agriculture for Economic growth, Job Creation and Food Security” (page 18), Ghana recorded 1.95 million metric tonnes (MT) of maize. Prior to that, in 2010, the country had recorded 1.87 million MT of maize production.
This is contrary to the minister’s claim that 1.8 million MT was the highest amount of production of maize in the country before the incumbent government came into office. This also indicates that 2016 was not the first time the country recorded 1.8 million MT of maize production.
The data from the World Bank is corroborated by a document published by the Ministry of Food and Agriculture in October 2016. The data is captured on page 13 of the document titled “Agriculture in Ghana: Facts and Figures (2015)”.
During the vetting, Dr. Afriyie Owusu Akoto also contested that cost of food prices is a component of food security, when he was questioned by the Minority Chief Whip, Muntaka Mohammed.
Claim 2: “There is a difference between food security and price stability. I think the questioner is missing the two. The fact that there’s not price stability does not mean there’s food insecurity”
He continued: “…Price stability is not food insecurity”. “It is not one and the same”.
(Muntanka interjects): “Mr. Chairman, it is not just about availability. You can never define food insecurity without the price of the commodity. You can’t.”
After Muntaka gave his definition, Dr. Akoto disagreed and said, “that’s an opinion, Mr. Chairman”.
Verdict: Completely False
Explanation: The United Nations’ Committee on World Food Security defines food security to mean that all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life.
The Global food security index which considers the quality of food across 113 countries in the world also places emphasis on the affordability and availability of food products in its ranking.
In fact, about a year ago, on March 10, 2020, Dr. Owusu Afriyie Akoto, then the Minister of Food and Agriculture, making a presentation at the Meet the Press, an event organised by the Ministry of Information, said:
“Global food security index which considers affordability availability and quality of food across 113 countries place Ghana 59th position in 2019 from 79th position in 2018.”
During the vetting, Dr. Akoto also stated in metric tonnes (MT) the quantity of maize production the country has recorded from 2017 to 2019.
Claim 3: “Honourable Chairman, Maize production in 2017 was 2 million; 2018, 2.3 million; 2019, 2.9 million.”
Explanation: At the Meet the Press event on March 10, 2020, Dr. Owusu Afriyie Akoto reading from a document presented a data set on maize production in Ghana that is quite different from what he read to the Appointment Committee on February 19, 2020.
He indicated at the meet the press event that in 2017 Ghana produced 2,011,000 MT of maize, 2,199,000 in 2018, and 3,059,00 in 2019. Below, the team presents in a table the different data sets on maize production shared by Dr. Owusu Afriyie Akoto.
|Year||Meet the Press
(March 10, 2020)
|Ministerial Vetting (February 19, 2021)
Thus, even though in 2017, the quantity of production of maize quoted at both events is close, in the subsequent years, the difference between the quantity varies by more than 100,000 MT.
Clam 4: “At the same time if you look at the amount of fertilizer, in 2017 we were able to distribute 121,000 MT of organic and inorganic fertilizer. By 2020 that figure had jumped to 424, 000 MT.”
Explanation: At the Meet the Press event on March 10, 2020, Dr. Afriyie Akoto, had a different figure for the number of MT of fertilizer distributed to farmers in 2017. He stated that 167,000 MT of fertilizers were distributed to farmers. Thus, the figure has been reduced by 46,000 MT. Below is the graph of the MT of fertilizer distributed to farmers contained in the PPT slides (page 11) he presented with at the Meet Press.